The Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a common bird across the United States, especially the southern half.
The male is red and has black throat and a crest, the female is brown with splashes of red on the wings and tail. Both have dark eyes and stout, orange bills. This bird is 16 cm long. It eats mainly seeds, small insects and sometimes fruits. It lives in forests and city parks and gardens.
The Northern Cardinal is the state bird of 7 states, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky.
Its name comes from the Catholic Cardinals' traditional red robes.