Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Luscinia
Species: Luscinia megarinchos

The nightingale, or Luscinia megarhynchos, is a species of migratory thrush found in Europe. Sometimes it is considered an Old World flycatcher. It is noted for its song, which the male sings in the springtime to attract a mate.


The uncom
Nightingale drawing-2134

A drawing of a nightingale.

mon nightingale of England and Western Europe, Luscinia megarhynchos, is about 6.5 inches long. It is reddish-brown on the top of its body and has a white breast. Both sexes have similar characteristics.


The name "nightingale" was given to the bird for the fact that it sings so beautifully during the day and night. This name has been used for over 1000 years. It literally means "night-songstress." Their song is loud, with an impressive range of whistles, trills and gurgles. Only unpaired males sing regularly at night, and nocturnal song is likely to serve attracting a mate. Singing at dawn, during the hour before sunrise, is assumed to be important in defending the bird's territory.


The nightingale eats insect larvae, worms, berries, and spiders.


The nightingale nests on the ground within or next to dense bushes. It uses twigs, leaves, and grass to make its nest.It often incubates 1 to 7 days.