European starling
Scientific classification
Kingdom: animalia
Phylum: chordata
Class: aves
Order: passeriformes
Family: sturnidae
Genus: sturnus
Species: sturnus vulgaris
The European starling (sturnus vulgaris) is a common bird in the sturnidae family. It is originary from Europe, and has also been imported in Norh America.


It measures about 20 centimeters. Adult males and adult females have identical plumage (there's no sexual dimporphism). In summer, the starling has a glossy black plumage with metallic green and purple shades and very small white flecks on the undertail, and yellow beak with blue-grey base. In winter, the plumage is less dark and glossy and has many white and light brown flecks, and the bill is dark grey. The juvenile is light brown, with paler colour on the throat and barely visible streaking on the belly. The juvenile's plumage is similar to the adult's during the bird's first winter, except of the head, which remains light brown. The starling can be easily mistaken for a common blackbird, though it has pointed wings (the blackbird has rounded wings), glossier plumage and shorter tail.


It is a very gregarious bird. At the evening, starlings gather in huge flocks, counting hundreds of birds, to roost for the night. This birds are often attacked by the peregrine falcon, which they defend against in extraordinary aerial evolutions. It isn't a migrant bird. Unlike blackbirds, when starlings are on the ground they walk, instead of jumping.


Starlings eat seeds, insects, earthworms, berries and fruit. Sometimes they steal eggs and chicks from other birds' nests.


This bird often makes more than one brood per year, mostly 3. It builds its nest in natural holes in trees or rocks or artificial (roofs, gutters, eaves). The female lays 4-9 eggs which are incubated blue together with your partner for a couple of weeks. After twenty days of birth, the young starlings leave the nest. In populations of starlings it is possible to observe a particular behavior, the intraspecific brood parasitism phenomenon; optionally females lay eggs in the nests guarded by other females of the same species, an expedient which probably has the purpose of increasing the production of eggs and / or to preserve the progeny, in case of death of the parent.


Its call is a series of whistels. The starling can imitate other species' songs and calls.


Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.