A drawing of a dodo.

The Dodo (Raphus cucullatus) was a flightless pigeon-like bird that is now extinct. This was a forest-dwelling bird of Mauritius that became extinct in the late 17th century. The dodo was closely related to the two species of solitaire bird. Although it was related to the pigeon, the dodo was larger than a wild turkey.


The dodo's plumage was dark gray with a whitish breast, tail, and wings, and its large black bill had a horny terminal cap.


The dodo laid one egg at a time. They did not build a nest, so the egg was left on the ground.


Although the dodo had tough skin, European sailors slaughtered them to extinction in a matter of 50 years. The sailors brought pigs and dogs to help kill off the birds.