Azores bullfinch
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Genus: Pyrrhula
Species: Pyrrhula murina

The Azores bullfinch is a bird in the finch family, endemic of the Sao Miguel Island, in the Azores archipelago. It is one of Europe's most endangered birds.

Description Edit

The bullfinch has a length of 15–17 cm and a weight of about 30 g, with males being slightly larger than females. Relative to most other finches in its family it is plump, with shorter wings and a longer tail. The plumage pattern is similar to that of the Eurasian bullfinch, though colouration is more sombre, lacking its bright pink underparts. It has a black cap, face, wings and tail; the rest being greyish or pale grey-brown. Males and females are virtually identical in appearance, though males may exhibit a faint pinkish suffusion on the belly and flanks.

Behavior Edit

Breeding takes place from mid June to late August. Nests are built in dense vegetation in laurel forest, with two nests recorded as being 3 m above the ground, and are similar to those of the Eurasian bullfinch. Nests are double-layered with an outer layer of twigs and an inner one of grass, rootlets and moss.The cl utch size is unknown. Young birds fledge from mid July, with the adults moulting from September onwards.

The Azores bullfnch eats seeds, berries, insects and herbs.

The contact call is a distinctive short, flute-like, melancholic whistle.

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